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tzset.c

/* Copyright (C) 1991-2002, 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.

   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
   Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
   02111-1307 USA.  */

#include <ctype.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <bits/libc-lock.h>
#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <time.h>


#define NOID
#include <timezone/tzfile.h>

char *__tzname[2] = { (char *) "GMT", (char *) "GMT" };
int __daylight = 0;
long int __timezone = 0L;

weak_alias (__tzname, tzname)
weak_alias (__daylight, daylight)
weak_alias (__timezone, timezone)

/* This locks all the state variables in tzfile.c and this file.  */
__libc_lock_define_initialized (static, tzset_lock)


#define     min(a, b)   ((a) < (b) ? (a) : (b))
#define     max(a, b)   ((a) > (b) ? (a) : (b))
#define     sign(x)           ((x) < 0 ? -1 : 1)


/* This structure contains all the information about a
   timezone given in the POSIX standard TZ envariable.  */
typedef struct
  {
    const char *name;

    /* When to change.  */
    enum { J0, J1, M } type;  /* Interpretation of:  */
    unsigned short int m, n, d;     /* Month, week, day.  */
    unsigned int secs;        /* Time of day.  */

    long int offset;          /* Seconds east of GMT (west if < 0).  */

    /* We cache the computed time of change for a
       given year so we don't have to recompute it.  */
    time_t change;      /* When to change to this zone.  */
    int computed_for;   /* Year above is computed for.  */
  } tz_rule;

/* tz_rules[0] is standard, tz_rules[1] is daylight.  */
static tz_rule tz_rules[2];


static void compute_change __P ((tz_rule *rule, int year)) internal_function;
static void tz_compute __P ((const struct tm *tm))
     internal_function;
static void tzset_internal __P ((int always)) internal_function;

/* List of buffers containing time zone strings. */
struct tzstring_l
{
  struct tzstring_l *next;
  size_t len;  /* strlen(data) - doesn't count terminating NUL! */
  char data[0];
};

static struct tzstring_l *tzstring_list;

/* Allocate a permanent home for S.  It will never be moved or deallocated,
   but may share space with other strings.
   Don't modify the returned string. */
char *
__tzstring (const char *s)
{
  char *p;
  struct tzstring_l *t, *u, *new;
  size_t len = strlen(s);

  /* Walk the list and look for a match.  If this string is the same
     as the end of an already-allocated string, it can share space. */
  for (u = t = tzstring_list; t; u = t, t = t->next)
    if (len <= t->len)
      {
      p = &t->data[t->len - len];
      if (strcmp (s, p) == 0)
        return p;
      }

  /* Not found; allocate a new buffer. */
  new = malloc (sizeof (struct tzstring_l) + len + 1);
  if (!new)
    return NULL;

  new->next = NULL;
  new->len = len;
  strcpy (new->data, s);

  if (u)
    u->next = new;
  else
    tzstring_list = new;

  return new->data;
}

/* Maximum length of a timezone name.  tzset_internal keeps this up to date
   (never decreasing it) when ! __use_tzfile.
   tzfile.c keeps it up to date when __use_tzfile.  */
size_t __tzname_cur_max;

long int
__tzname_max ()
{
  __libc_lock_lock (tzset_lock);

  tzset_internal (0);

  __libc_lock_unlock (tzset_lock);

  return __tzname_cur_max;
}

static char *old_tz;

/* Interpret the TZ envariable.  */
static void
internal_function
tzset_internal (always)
     int always;
{
  static int is_initialized;
  register const char *tz;
  register size_t l;
  char *tzbuf;
  unsigned short int hh, mm, ss;
  unsigned short int whichrule;

  if (is_initialized && !always)
    return;
  is_initialized = 1;

  /* Examine the TZ environment variable.  */
  tz = getenv ("TZ");
  if (tz == NULL)
    /* No user specification; use the site-wide default.  */
    tz = TZDEFAULT;
  else if (*tz == '\0')
    /* User specified the empty string; use UTC explicitly.  */
    tz = "Universal";

  /* A leading colon means "implementation defined syntax".
     We ignore the colon and always use the same algorithm:
     try a data file, and if none exists parse the 1003.1 syntax.  */
  if (tz && *tz == ':')
    ++tz;

  /* Check whether the value changes since the last run.  */
  if (old_tz != NULL && tz != NULL && strcmp (tz, old_tz) == 0)
    /* No change, simply return.  */
    return;

  tz_rules[0].name = NULL;
  tz_rules[1].name = NULL;

  /* Save the value of `tz'.  */
  if (old_tz != NULL)
    free (old_tz);
  old_tz = tz ? __strdup (tz) : NULL;

  /* Try to read a data file.  */
  __tzfile_read (tz, 0, NULL);
  if (__use_tzfile)
    return;

  /* No data file found.  Default to UTC if nothing specified.  */

  if (tz == NULL || *tz == '\0'
      || (TZDEFAULT != NULL && strcmp (tz, TZDEFAULT) == 0))
    {
      tz_rules[0].name = tz_rules[1].name = "UTC";
      tz_rules[0].type = tz_rules[1].type = J0;
      tz_rules[0].m = tz_rules[0].n = tz_rules[0].d = 0;
      tz_rules[1].m = tz_rules[1].n = tz_rules[1].d = 0;
      tz_rules[0].secs = tz_rules[1].secs = 0;
      tz_rules[0].offset = tz_rules[1].offset = 0L;
      tz_rules[0].change = tz_rules[1].change = (time_t) -1;
      tz_rules[0].computed_for = tz_rules[1].computed_for = 0;
      goto out;
    }

  /* Clear out old state and reset to unnamed UTC.  */
  memset (tz_rules, 0, sizeof tz_rules);
  tz_rules[0].name = tz_rules[1].name = "";

  /* Get the standard timezone name.  */
  tzbuf = strdupa (tz);

  if (sscanf (tz, "%[^0-9,+-]", tzbuf) != 1 ||
      (l = strlen (tzbuf)) < 3)
    goto out;

  tz_rules[0].name = __tzstring (tzbuf);

  tz += l;

  /* Figure out the standard offset from UTC.  */
  if (*tz == '\0' || (*tz != '+' && *tz != '-' && !isdigit (*tz)))
    goto out;

  if (*tz == '-' || *tz == '+')
    tz_rules[0].offset = *tz++ == '-' ? 1L : -1L;
  else
    tz_rules[0].offset = -1L;
  switch (sscanf (tz, "%hu:%hu:%hu", &hh, &mm, &ss))
    {
    default:
      goto out;
    case 1:
      mm = 0;
    case 2:
      ss = 0;
    case 3:
      break;
    }
  tz_rules[0].offset *= (min (ss, 59) + (min (mm, 59) * 60) +
                   (min (hh, 23) * 60 * 60));

  for (l = 0; l < 3; ++l)
    {
      while (isdigit(*tz))
      ++tz;
      if (l < 2 && *tz == ':')
      ++tz;
    }

  /* Get the DST timezone name (if any).  */
  if (*tz != '\0')
    {
      char *n = tzbuf + strlen (tzbuf) + 1;
      if (sscanf (tz, "%[^0-9,+-]", n) != 1 ||
        (l = strlen (n)) < 3)
      goto done_names;  /* Punt on name, set up the offsets.  */

      tz_rules[1].name = __tzstring (n);

      tz += l;

      /* Figure out the DST offset from GMT.  */
      if (*tz == '-' || *tz == '+')
      tz_rules[1].offset = *tz++ == '-' ? 1L : -1L;
      else
      tz_rules[1].offset = -1L;

      switch (sscanf (tz, "%hu:%hu:%hu", &hh, &mm, &ss))
      {
      default:
        /* Default to one hour later than standard time.  */
        tz_rules[1].offset = tz_rules[0].offset + (60 * 60);
        break;

      case 1:
        mm = 0;
      case 2:
        ss = 0;
      case 3:
        tz_rules[1].offset *= (min (ss, 59) + (min (mm, 59) * 60) +
                         (min (hh, 23) * (60 * 60)));
        break;
      }
      for (l = 0; l < 3; ++l)
      {
        while (isdigit (*tz))
          ++tz;
        if (l < 2 && *tz == ':')
          ++tz;
      }
      if (*tz == '\0' || (tz[0] == ',' && tz[1] == '\0'))
      {
        /* There is no rule.  See if there is a default rule file.  */
        __tzfile_default (tz_rules[0].name, tz_rules[1].name,
                      tz_rules[0].offset, tz_rules[1].offset);
        if (__use_tzfile)
          {
            free (old_tz);
            old_tz = NULL;
            return;
          }
      }
    }
  else
    {
      /* There is no DST.  */
      tz_rules[1].name = tz_rules[0].name;
      tz_rules[1].offset = tz_rules[0].offset;
      goto out;
    }

 done_names:
  /* Figure out the standard <-> DST rules.  */
  for (whichrule = 0; whichrule < 2; ++whichrule)
    {
      register tz_rule *tzr = &tz_rules[whichrule];

      /* Ignore comma to support string following the incorrect
       specification in early POSIX.1 printings.  */
      tz += *tz == ',';

      /* Get the date of the change.  */
      if (*tz == 'J' || isdigit (*tz))
      {
        char *end;
        tzr->type = *tz == 'J' ? J1 : J0;
        if (tzr->type == J1 && !isdigit (*++tz))
          goto out;
        tzr->d = (unsigned short int) strtoul (tz, &end, 10);
        if (end == tz || tzr->d > 365)
          goto out;
        else if (tzr->type == J1 && tzr->d == 0)
          goto out;
        tz = end;
      }
      else if (*tz == 'M')
      {
        int n;
        tzr->type = M;
        if (sscanf (tz, "M%hu.%hu.%hu%n",
                  &tzr->m, &tzr->n, &tzr->d, &n) != 3 ||
            tzr->m < 1 || tzr->m > 12 ||
            tzr->n < 1 || tzr->n > 5 || tzr->d > 6)
          goto out;
        tz += n;
      }
      else if (*tz == '\0')
      {
        /* United States Federal Law, the equivalent of "M4.1.0,M10.5.0".  */
        tzr->type = M;
        if (tzr == &tz_rules[0])
          {
            tzr->m = 4;
            tzr->n = 1;
            tzr->d = 0;
          }
        else
          {
            tzr->m = 10;
            tzr->n = 5;
            tzr->d = 0;
          }
      }
      else
      goto out;

      if (*tz != '\0' && *tz != '/' && *tz != ',')
      goto out;
      else if (*tz == '/')
      {
        /* Get the time of day of the change.  */
        ++tz;
        if (*tz == '\0')
          goto out;
        switch (sscanf (tz, "%hu:%hu:%hu", &hh, &mm, &ss))
          {
          default:
            hh = 2;           /* Default to 2:00 AM.  */
          case 1:
            mm = 0;
          case 2:
            ss = 0;
          case 3:
            break;
          }
        for (l = 0; l < 3; ++l)
          {
            while (isdigit (*tz))
            ++tz;
            if (l < 2 && *tz == ':')
            ++tz;
          }
        tzr->secs = (hh * 60 * 60) + (mm * 60) + ss;
      }
      else
      /* Default to 2:00 AM.  */
      tzr->secs = 2 * 60 * 60;

      tzr->computed_for = -1;
    }

 out:
  __daylight = tz_rules[0].offset != tz_rules[1].offset;
  __timezone = -tz_rules[0].offset;
  __tzname[0] = (char *) tz_rules[0].name;
  __tzname[1] = (char *) tz_rules[1].name;

  {
    /* Keep __tzname_cur_max up to date.  */
    size_t len0 = strlen (__tzname[0]);
    size_t len1 = strlen (__tzname[1]);
    if (len0 > __tzname_cur_max)
      __tzname_cur_max = len0;
    if (len1 > __tzname_cur_max)
      __tzname_cur_max = len1;
  }
}

/* Figure out the exact time (as a time_t) in YEAR
   when the change described by RULE will occur and
   put it in RULE->change, saving YEAR in RULE->computed_for.  */
static void
internal_function
compute_change (rule, year)
     tz_rule *rule;
     int year;
{
  register time_t t;

  if (year != -1 && rule->computed_for == year)
    /* Operations on times in 2 BC will be slower.  Oh well.  */
    return;

  /* First set T to January 1st, 0:00:00 GMT in YEAR.  */
  if (year > 1970)
    t = ((year - 1970) * 365
       + /* Compute the number of leapdays between 1970 and YEAR
            (exclusive).  There is a leapday every 4th year ...  */
       + ((year - 1) / 4 - 1970 / 4)
       /* ... except every 100th year ... */
       - ((year - 1) / 100 - 1970 / 100)
       /* ... but still every 400th year.  */
       + ((year - 1) / 400 - 1970 / 400)) * SECSPERDAY;
  else
    t = 0;

  switch (rule->type)
    {
    case J1:
      /* Jn - Julian day, 1 == January 1, 60 == March 1 even in leap years.
       In non-leap years, or if the day number is 59 or less, just
       add SECSPERDAY times the day number-1 to the time of
       January 1, midnight, to get the day.  */
      t += (rule->d - 1) * SECSPERDAY;
      if (rule->d >= 60 && __isleap (year))
      t += SECSPERDAY;
      break;

    case J0:
      /* n - Day of year.
       Just add SECSPERDAY times the day number to the time of Jan 1st.  */
      t += rule->d * SECSPERDAY;
      break;

    case M:
      /* Mm.n.d - Nth "Dth day" of month M.  */
      {
      unsigned int i;
      int d, m1, yy0, yy1, yy2, dow;
      const unsigned short int *myday =
        &__mon_yday[__isleap (year)][rule->m];

      /* First add SECSPERDAY for each day in months before M.  */
      t += myday[-1] * SECSPERDAY;

      /* Use Zeller's Congruence to get day-of-week of first day of month. */
      m1 = (rule->m + 9) % 12 + 1;
      yy0 = (rule->m <= 2) ? (year - 1) : year;
      yy1 = yy0 / 100;
      yy2 = yy0 % 100;
      dow = ((26 * m1 - 2) / 10 + 1 + yy2 + yy2 / 4 + yy1 / 4 - 2 * yy1) % 7;
      if (dow < 0)
        dow += 7;

      /* DOW is the day-of-week of the first day of the month.  Get the
         day-of-month (zero-origin) of the first DOW day of the month.  */
      d = rule->d - dow;
      if (d < 0)
        d += 7;
      for (i = 1; i < rule->n; ++i)
        {
          if (d + 7 >= (int) myday[0] - myday[-1])
            break;
          d += 7;
        }

      /* D is the day-of-month (zero-origin) of the day we want.  */
      t += d * SECSPERDAY;
      }
      break;
    }

  /* T is now the Epoch-relative time of 0:00:00 GMT on the day we want.
     Just add the time of day and local offset from GMT, and we're done.  */

  rule->change = t - rule->offset + rule->secs;
  rule->computed_for = year;
}


/* Figure out the correct timezone for TM and set `__tzname',
   `__timezone', and `__daylight' accordingly.  */
static void
internal_function
tz_compute (tm)
     const struct tm *tm;
{
  compute_change (&tz_rules[0], 1900 + tm->tm_year);
  compute_change (&tz_rules[1], 1900 + tm->tm_year);
}

/* Reinterpret the TZ environment variable and set `tzname'.  */
#undef tzset

void
__tzset (void)
{
  __libc_lock_lock (tzset_lock);

  tzset_internal (1);

  if (!__use_tzfile)
    {
      /* Set `tzname'.  */
      __tzname[0] = (char *) tz_rules[0].name;
      __tzname[1] = (char *) tz_rules[1].name;
    }

  __libc_lock_unlock (tzset_lock);
}
weak_alias (__tzset, tzset)

/* Return the `struct tm' representation of *TIMER in the local timezone.
   Use local time if USE_LOCALTIME is nonzero, UTC otherwise.  */
struct tm *
__tz_convert (const time_t *timer, int use_localtime, struct tm *tp)
{
  long int leap_correction;
  int leap_extra_secs;

  if (timer == NULL)
    {
      __set_errno (EINVAL);
      return NULL;
    }

  __libc_lock_lock (tzset_lock);

  /* Update internal database according to current TZ setting.
     POSIX.1 8.3.7.2 says that localtime_r is not required to set tzname.
     This is a good idea since this allows at least a bit more parallelism.
     By analogy we apply the same rule to gmtime_r.  */
  tzset_internal (tp == &_tmbuf);

  if (__use_tzfile)
    __tzfile_compute (*timer, use_localtime, &leap_correction,
                  &leap_extra_secs, tp);
  else
    {
      if (! __offtime (timer, 0, tp))
      tp = NULL;
      else
      tz_compute (tp);
      leap_correction = 0L;
      leap_extra_secs = 0;
    }

  if (tp)
    {
      if (use_localtime)
      {
        if (!__use_tzfile)
          {
            int isdst;

            /* We have to distinguish between northern and southern
             hemisphere.  For the latter the daylight saving time
             ends in the next year.  */
            if (__builtin_expect (tz_rules[0].change
                            > tz_rules[1].change, 0))
            isdst = (*timer < tz_rules[1].change
                   || *timer >= tz_rules[0].change);
            else
            isdst = (*timer >= tz_rules[0].change
                   && *timer < tz_rules[1].change);
            tp->tm_isdst = isdst;
            tp->tm_zone = __tzname[isdst];
            tp->tm_gmtoff = tz_rules[isdst].offset;
          }
      }
      else
      {
        tp->tm_isdst = 0;
        tp->tm_zone = "GMT";
        tp->tm_gmtoff = 0L;
      }

      if (__offtime (timer, tp->tm_gmtoff - leap_correction, tp))
        tp->tm_sec += leap_extra_secs;
      else
      tp = NULL;
    }

  __libc_lock_unlock (tzset_lock);

  return tp;
}


libc_freeres_fn (free_mem)
{
  while (tzstring_list != NULL)
    {
      struct tzstring_l *old = tzstring_list;

      tzstring_list = tzstring_list->next;
      free (old);
    }
  free (old_tz);
  old_tz = NULL;
}

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