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tgmath.h

/* Copyright (C) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
   This file is part of the GNU C Library.

   The GNU C Library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
   modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
   version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

   The GNU C Library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
   Lesser General Public License for more details.

   You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
   License along with the GNU C Library; if not, write to the Free
   Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA
   02111-1307 USA.  */

/*
 *    ISO C99 Standard: 7.22 Type-generic math  <tgmath.h>
 */

#ifndef _TGMATH_H
#define _TGMATH_H 1

/* Include the needed headers.  */
#include <math.h>
#include <complex.h>


/* Since `complex' is currently not really implemented in most C compilers
   and if it is implemented, the implementations differ.  This makes it
   quite difficult to write a generic implementation of this header.  We
   do not try this for now and instead concentrate only on GNU CC.  Once
   we have more information support for other compilers might follow.  */

#if __GNUC_PREREQ (2, 7)

# ifdef __NO_LONG_DOUBLE_MATH
#  define __tgml(fct) fct
# else
#  define __tgml(fct) fct ## l
# endif

/* This is ugly but unless gcc gets appropriate builtins we have to do
   something like this.  Don't ask how it works.  */

/* 1 if 'type' is a floating type, 0 if 'type' is an integer type.
   Allows for _Bool.  Expands to an integer constant expression.  */
# define __floating_type(type) (((type) 0.25) && ((type) 0.25 - 1))

/* The tgmath real type for T, where E is 0 if T is an integer type and
   1 for a floating type.  */
# define __tgmath_real_type_sub(T, E) \
  __typeof__(*(0 ? (__typeof__ (0 ? (double *) 0 : (void *) (E))) 0           \
             : (__typeof__ (0 ? (T *) 0 : (void *) (!(E)))) 0))

/* The tgmath real type of EXPR.  */
# define __tgmath_real_type(expr) \
  __tgmath_real_type_sub(__typeof__(expr), __floating_type(__typeof__(expr)))


/* We have two kinds of generic macros: to support functions which are
   only defined on real valued parameters and those which are defined
   for complex functions as well.  */
# define __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY(Val, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type (Val) __tgmres;               \
                   if (sizeof (Val) == sizeof (double)                  \
                     || __builtin_classify_type (Val) != 8)       \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val);                          \
                   else if (sizeof (Val) == sizeof (float))             \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val);                       \
                   else                                           \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val);                        \
                   __tgmres; }))

# define __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY(Val1, Val2, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type (Val1) __tgmres;              \
                   if (sizeof (Val1) == sizeof (double)                 \
                     || __builtin_classify_type (Val1) != 8)            \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val1, Val2);                   \
                   else if (sizeof (Val1) == sizeof (float))            \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val1, Val2);                \
                   else                                           \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val1, Val2);                 \
                   __tgmres; }))

# define __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY(Val1, Val2, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type ((Val1) + (Val2)) __tgmres;         \
                   if ((sizeof (Val1) > sizeof (double)                 \
                      || sizeof (Val2) > sizeof (double))               \
                     && __builtin_classify_type ((Val1) + (Val2)) == 8) \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val1, Val2);                 \
                   else if (sizeof (Val1) == sizeof (double)            \
                        || sizeof (Val2) == sizeof (double)       \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val1) != 8          \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val2) != 8)         \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val1, Val2);                   \
                   else                                     \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val1, Val2);                \
                   __tgmres; }))

# define __TGMATH_TERNARY_FIRST_SECOND_REAL_ONLY(Val1, Val2, Val3, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type ((Val1) + (Val2)) __tgmres;         \
                   if ((sizeof (Val1) > sizeof (double)                 \
                      || sizeof (Val2) > sizeof (double))               \
                     && __builtin_classify_type ((Val1) + (Val2)) == 8) \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val1, Val2, Val3);           \
                   else if (sizeof (Val1) == sizeof (double)            \
                        || sizeof (Val2) == sizeof (double)       \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val1) != 8          \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val2) != 8)         \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val1, Val2, Val3);             \
                   else                                     \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val1, Val2, Val3);                \
                   __tgmres; }))

# define __TGMATH_TERNARY_REAL_ONLY(Val1, Val2, Val3, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type ((Val1) + (Val2) + (Val3)) __tgmres;\
                   if ((sizeof (Val1) > sizeof (double)                 \
                      || sizeof (Val2) > sizeof (double)                \
                      || sizeof (Val3) > sizeof (double))               \
                     && __builtin_classify_type ((Val1) + (Val2)        \
                                           + (Val3)) == 8)        \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val1, Val2, Val3);           \
                   else if (sizeof (Val1) == sizeof (double)            \
                        || sizeof (Val2) == sizeof (double)       \
                        || sizeof (Val3) == sizeof (double)       \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val1) != 8          \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val2) != 8          \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (Val3) != 8)         \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val1, Val2, Val3);             \
                   else                                     \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val1, Val2, Val3);                \
                   __tgmres; }))

/* XXX This definition has to be changed as soon as the compiler understands
   the imaginary keyword.  */
# define __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG(Val, Fct, Cfct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type (Val) __tgmres;               \
                   if (sizeof (__real__ (Val)) > sizeof (double)        \
                     && __builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val)) == 8)  \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val)) == sizeof (Val))       \
                       __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val);              \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = __tgml(Cfct) (Val);             \
                   }                                        \
                   else if (sizeof (__real__ (Val)) == sizeof (double)    \
                        || __builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val))   \
                           != 8)                            \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val)) == sizeof (Val))       \
                       __tgmres = Fct (Val);                      \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = Cfct (Val);                     \
                   }                                        \
                   else                                           \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val)) == sizeof (Val))       \
                       __tgmres = Fct##f (Val);                   \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = Cfct##f (Val);                        \
                   }                                        \
                   __tgmres; }))

/* XXX This definition has to be changed as soon as the compiler understands
   the imaginary keyword.  */
# define __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY(Val, Fct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type (Val) __tgmres;               \
                   if (sizeof (Val) == sizeof (__complex__ double)            \
                     || __builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val)) != 8)  \
                   __tgmres = Fct (Val);                          \
                   else if (sizeof (Val) == sizeof (__complex__ float))   \
                   __tgmres = Fct##f (Val);                       \
                   else                                           \
                   __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val);                        \
                   __tgmres; }))

/* XXX This definition has to be changed as soon as the compiler understands
   the imaginary keyword.  */
# define __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_IMAG(Val1, Val2, Fct, Cfct) \
     (__extension__ ({ __tgmath_real_type ((Val1) + (Val2)) __tgmres;         \
                   if ((sizeof (__real__ (Val1)) > sizeof (double)            \
                      || sizeof (__real__ (Val2)) > sizeof (double))    \
                     && __builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val1)        \
                                           + __real__ (Val2))     \
                        == 8)                               \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val1)) == sizeof (Val1)      \
                         && sizeof (__real__ (Val2)) == sizeof (Val2))  \
                       __tgmres = __tgml(Fct) (Val1, Val2);       \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = __tgml(Cfct) (Val1, Val2);            \
                   }                                        \
                   else if (sizeof (__real__ (Val1)) == sizeof (double)   \
                        || sizeof (__real__ (Val2)) == sizeof(double) \
                        || (__builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val1)) \
                            != 8)                           \
                        || (__builtin_classify_type (__real__ (Val2)) \
                            != 8))                          \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val1)) == sizeof (Val1)      \
                         && sizeof (__real__ (Val2)) == sizeof (Val2))  \
                       __tgmres = Fct (Val1, Val2);               \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = Cfct (Val1, Val2);              \
                   }                                        \
                   else                                     \
                   {                                        \
                     if (sizeof (__real__ (Val1)) == sizeof (Val1)      \
                         && sizeof (__real__ (Val2)) == sizeof (Val2))  \
                       __tgmres = Fct##f (Val1, Val2);                  \
                     else                                         \
                       __tgmres = Cfct##f (Val1, Val2);                 \
                   }                                        \
                   __tgmres; }))
#else
# error "Unsupported compiler; you cannot use <tgmath.h>"
#endif


/* Unary functions defined for real and complex values.  */


/* Trigonometric functions.  */

/* Arc cosine of X.  */
#define acos(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, acos, cacos)
/* Arc sine of X.  */
#define asin(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, asin, casin)
/* Arc tangent of X.  */
#define atan(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, atan, catan)
/* Arc tangent of Y/X.  */
#define atan2(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, atan2)

/* Cosine of X.  */
#define cos(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, cos, ccos)
/* Sine of X.  */
#define sin(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, sin, csin)
/* Tangent of X.  */
#define tan(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, tan, ctan)


/* Hyperbolic functions.  */

/* Hyperbolic arc cosine of X.  */
#define acosh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, acosh, cacosh)
/* Hyperbolic arc sine of X.  */
#define asinh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, asinh, casinh)
/* Hyperbolic arc tangent of X.  */
#define atanh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, atanh, catanh)

/* Hyperbolic cosine of X.  */
#define cosh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, cosh, ccosh)
/* Hyperbolic sine of X.  */
#define sinh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, sinh, csinh)
/* Hyperbolic tangent of X.  */
#define tanh(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, tanh, ctanh)


/* Exponential and logarithmic functions.  */

/* Exponential function of X.  */
#define exp(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, exp, cexp)

/* Break VALUE into a normalized fraction and an integral power of 2.  */
#define frexp(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, frexp)

/* X times (two to the EXP power).  */
#define ldexp(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, ldexp)

/* Natural logarithm of X.  */
#define log(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, log, clog)

/* Base-ten logarithm of X.  */
#ifdef __USE_GNU
# define log10(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, log10, __clog10)
#else
# define log10(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, log10)
#endif

/* Return exp(X) - 1.  */
#define expm1(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, expm1)

/* Return log(1 + X).  */
#define log1p(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, log1p)

/* Return the base 2 signed integral exponent of X.  */
#define logb(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, logb)

/* Compute base-2 exponential of X.  */
#define exp2(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, exp2)

/* Compute base-2 logarithm of X.  */
#define log2(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, log2)


/* Power functions.  */

/* Return X to the Y power.  */
#define pow(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_IMAG (Val1, Val2, pow, cpow)

/* Return the square root of X.  */
#define sqrt(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, sqrt, csqrt)

/* Return `sqrt(X*X + Y*Y)'.  */
#define hypot(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, hypot)

/* Return the cube root of X.  */
#define cbrt(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, cbrt)


/* Nearest integer, absolute value, and remainder functions.  */

/* Smallest integral value not less than X.  */
#define ceil(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, ceil)

/* Absolute value of X.  */
#define fabs(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_IMAG (Val, fabs, cabs)

/* Largest integer not greater than X.  */
#define floor(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, floor)

/* Floating-point modulo remainder of X/Y.  */
#define fmod(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, fmod)

/* Round X to integral valuein floating-point format using current
   rounding direction, but do not raise inexact exception.  */
#define nearbyint(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, nearbyint)

/* Round X to nearest integral value, rounding halfway cases away from
   zero.  */
#define round(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, round)

/* Round X to the integral value in floating-point format nearest but
   not larger in magnitude.  */
#define trunc(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, trunc)

/* Compute remainder of X and Y and put in *QUO a value with sign of x/y
   and magnitude congruent `mod 2^n' to the magnitude of the integral
   quotient x/y, with n >= 3.  */
#define remquo(Val1, Val2, Val3) \
     __TGMATH_TERNARY_FIRST_SECOND_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, Val3, remquo)

/* Round X to nearest integral value according to current rounding
   direction.  */
#define lrint(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, lrint)
#define llrint(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, llrint)

/* Round X to nearest integral value, rounding halfway cases away from
   zero.  */
#define lround(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, lround)
#define llround(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, llround)


/* Return X with its signed changed to Y's.  */
#define copysign(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, copysign)

/* Error and gamma functions.  */
#define erf(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, erf)
#define erfc(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, erfc)
#define tgamma(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, tgamma)
#define lgamma(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, lgamma)


/* Return the integer nearest X in the direction of the
   prevailing rounding mode.  */
#define rint(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, rint)

/* Return X + epsilon if X < Y, X - epsilon if X > Y.  */
#define nextafter(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, nextafter)
#define nexttoward(Val1, Val2) \
     __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, nexttoward)

/* Return the remainder of integer divison X / Y with infinite precision.  */
#define remainder(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, remainder)

/* Return X times (2 to the Nth power).  */
#if defined __USE_MISC || defined __USE_XOPEN_EXTENDED
# define scalb(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, scalb)
#endif

/* Return X times (2 to the Nth power).  */
#define scalbn(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, scalbn)

/* Return X times (2 to the Nth power).  */
#define scalbln(Val1, Val2) \
     __TGMATH_BINARY_FIRST_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, scalbln)

/* Return the binary exponent of X, which must be nonzero.  */
#define ilogb(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val, ilogb)


/* Return positive difference between X and Y.  */
#define fdim(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, fdim)

/* Return maximum numeric value from X and Y.  */
#define fmax(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, fmax)

/* Return minimum numeric value from X and Y.  */
#define fmin(Val1, Val2) __TGMATH_BINARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, fmin)


/* Multiply-add function computed as a ternary operation.  */
#define fma(Val1, Val2, Val3) \
     __TGMATH_TERNARY_REAL_ONLY (Val1, Val2, Val3, fma)


/* Absolute value, conjugates, and projection.  */

/* Argument value of Z.  */
#define carg(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY (Val, carg)

/* Complex conjugate of Z.  */
#define conj(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY (Val, conj)

/* Projection of Z onto the Riemann sphere.  */
#define cproj(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY (Val, cproj)


/* Decomposing complex values.  */

/* Imaginary part of Z.  */
#define cimag(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY (Val, cimag)

/* Real part of Z.  */
#define creal(Val) __TGMATH_UNARY_IMAG_ONLY (Val, creal)

#endif /* tgmath.h */

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